This subtle name change helped assimilate him into French society.
Jean-Paul Mara (1743-1760)
His father, Juan Salvador Mara, was a Spanish Sardinian who was a Mercedarian friar before becoming a Calvinist, and his mother, Louise Cabrol, was a French Huguenot Genevan.
Jean-Paul Marat (1760-1793)
After moving to France to attend university at the age of 17, he inserted a “t” at the end of his surname in order to Francize it.
He would become a journalist during the French Revolution, known for his fiery rhetoric targeted against the leaders of the revolution. Marat would eventually become an icon to the Montagnards Faction of the Jacobins.
- Jean-Paul Marat in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- “Jean-Paul Marat.” Wikipedia.
- Loomis, Stanley (1990). Paris in the Terror. Dorset House Publishing Co Inc.
- Robert, Adolphe; Cougny, Gaston (1891). Dictionnaire des parlementaires français (in French). Paris. p. 252.